DICOM Standard Browser

by Innolitics

CR ImageCIOD
PatientMModule - Patient
(0010,0010) Patient's Name2Person Name
(0010,0020) Patient ID2Long String
(0010,0021) Issuer of Patient ID3Long String
(0010,0024) Issuer of Patient ID Qualifiers Sequence3Sequence
(0010,0030) Patient's Birth Date2Date
(0010,0033) Patient's Birth Date in Alternative Calendar3Long String
(0010,0034) Patient's Death Date in Alternative Calendar3Long String
(0010,0035) Patient's Alternative Calendar1CCode String
(0010,0040) Patient's Sex2Code String
(0010,1100) Referenced Patient Photo Sequence3Sequence
(0010,0200) Quality Control Subject3Code String
(0008,1120) Referenced Patient Sequence3Sequence
(0010,0032) Patient's Birth Time3Time
(0010,1002) Other Patient IDs Sequence3Sequence
(0010,1001) Other Patient Names3Person Name
(0010,2160) Ethnic Group3Short String
(0010,4000) Patient Comments3Long Text
(0010,2201) Patient Species Description1CLong String
(0010,2202) Patient Species Code Sequence1CSequence
(0010,2292) Patient Breed Description2CLong String
(0010,2293) Patient Breed Code Sequence2CSequence
(0010,2294) Breed Registration Sequence2CSequence
(0010,0212) Strain Description3Unlimited Characters
(0010,0213) Strain Nomenclature3Long String
(0010,0219) Strain Code Sequence3Sequence
(0010,0218) Strain Additional Information3Unlimited Text
(0010,0216) Strain Stock Sequence3Sequence
(0010,0221) Genetic Modifications Sequence3Sequence
(0010,2297) Responsible Person2CPerson Name
(0010,2298) Responsible Person Role1CCode String
(0010,2299) Responsible Organization2CLong String
(0012,0062) Patient Identity Removed3Code String
(0012,0063) De-identification Method1CLong String
(0012,0064) De-identification Method Code Sequence1CSequence
(0010,0026) Source Patient Group Identification Sequence3Sequence
(0010,0027) Group of Patients Identification Sequence3Sequence
(0010,0020) Patient ID1Long String
(0010,0021) Issuer of Patient ID3Long String
(0010,0024) Issuer of Patient ID Qualifiers Sequence3Sequence
(0010,0028) Subject Relative Position in Image3Unsigned Short
(0018,5100) Patient Position3Code String
Clinical Trial SubjectUModule - Patient
General StudyMModule - Study
Patient StudyUModule - Study
Clinical Trial StudyUModule - Study
General SeriesMModule - Series
CR SeriesMModule - Series
Clinical Trial SeriesUModule - Series
General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
General ImageMModule - Image
General ReferenceUModule - Image
Image PixelMModule - Image
Contrast/BolusCModule - Image
Display ShutterUModule - Image
DeviceUModule - Image
SpecimenUModule - Image
CR ImageMModule - Image
Overlay PlaneUModule - Image
Modality LUTUModule - Image
VOI LUTUModule - Image
SOP CommonMModule - Image
Common Instance ReferenceUModule - Image
CT ImageCIOD
MR ImageCIOD
NM ImageCIOD
US ImageCIOD
US Multi-frame ImageCIOD
SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Single Bit SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Byte SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Word SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame True Color SC ImageCIOD
X-Ray Angiographic ImageCIOD
XRF ImageCIOD
RT ImageCIOD
RT DoseCIOD
RT Structure SetCIOD
RT PlanCIOD
PET ImageCIOD
Digital X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Mammography X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Intra-Oral X-Ray ImageCIOD
RT Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Brachy Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Treatment Summary RecordCIOD
VL Endoscopic ImageCIOD
VL Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Slide-Coordinates Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Photographic ImageCIOD
Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Video Microscopic ImageCIOD
Video Photographic ImageCIOD
VL Whole Slide Microscopy ImageCIOD
Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Pseudo-Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Blending Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Structured DisplayCIOD
XA/XRF Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Advanced Blending Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Voice AudioCIOD
12-Lead ECGCIOD
General ECGCIOD
Ambulatory ECGCIOD
HemodynamicCIOD
Basic Cardiac EPCIOD
Arterial Pulse WaveformCIOD
Respiratory WaveformCIOD
General Audio WaveformCIOD
Basic Text SRCIOD
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Key Object Selection DocumentCIOD
Mammography CAD SRCIOD
Chest CAD SRCIOD
Procedure LogCIOD
X-Ray Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Spectacle Prescription ReportCIOD
Colon CAD SRCIOD
Macular Grid Thickness and Volume ReportCIOD
Implantation Plan SR DocumentCIOD
Comprehensive 3D SRCIOD
Radiopharmaceutical Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Extensible SRCIOD
Acquisition Context SRCIOD
Simplified Adult Echo SRCIOD
Patient Radiation Dose Structured ReportCIOD
Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
MR SpectroscopyCIOD
Enhanced MR Color ImageCIOD
Raw DataCIOD
Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Deformable Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Spatial FiducialsCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 8 Bit ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 16 Bit ImageCIOD
Stereometric RelationshipCIOD
Hanging ProtocolCIOD
Encapsulated PDFCIOD
Encapsulated CDACIOD
Real World Value MappingCIOD
Enhanced X-Ray Angiographic ImageCIOD
Enhanced X-Ray RF ImageCIOD
RT Ion PlanCIOD
RT Ion Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
SegmentationCIOD
Ophthalmic Tomography ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Craniofacial ImageCIOD
Breast Tomosynthesis ImageCIOD
Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Surface SegmentationCIOD
Color PaletteCIOD
Enhanced US VolumeCIOD
Lensometry MeasurementsCIOD
Autorefraction MeasurementsCIOD
Keratometry MeasurementsCIOD
Subjective Refraction MeasurementsCIOD
Visual Acuity MeasurementsCIOD
Ophthalmic Axial MeasurementsCIOD
Intraocular Lens CalculationsCIOD
Generic Implant TemplateCIOD
Implant Assembly TemplateCIOD
Implant Template GroupCIOD
RT Beams Delivery InstructionCIOD
Ophthalmic Visual Field Static Perimetry MeasurementsCIOD
Intravascular OCT ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Thickness MapCIOD
Surface Scan MeshCIOD
Surface Scan Point CloudCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Corneal Topography MapCIOD
Breast Projection X-Ray ImageCIOD
Parametric MapCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography Stereographic Projection ImageCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography 3D Coordinates ImageCIOD
Tractography ResultsCIOD
RT Brachy Application Setup Delivery InstructionCIOD
Planar MPR Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Volume Rendering Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Content Assessment ResultsCIOD
Table CT Performed Procedure ProtocolCIOD
CT Defined Procedure ProtocolCIOD
Protocol ApprovalCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography En Face ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography B-scan Volume AnalysisCIOD

Built with by Innolitics, a team of medical imaging software developers.

Data synced with official DICOM standard on 25 September 2017. The DICOM Standard is under continuous maintenance, and the current official version is available at http://dicom.nema.org/. DICOM Parts 3 and 6, © NEMA. Please note that the most recent PDF version of the standard is the official reference, and should checked when making technical decisions.

Patient Position Attribute

Tag(0018,5100)
TypeOptional (3)
KeywordPatientPosition
Value Multiplicity1
Value RepresentationCode String (CS)

Patient position descriptor relative to the equipment. See Section C.7.1.4.1.1.1.

See Section C.7.3.1.1.2 for Defined Terms and further explanation.

Section C.7.1.4.1.1.1

C.7.1.4.1.1.1 Subject Relative Position in Image and Patient Position

Subject Relative Position in Image (0010,0028) shall be encoded as a 3D ordinal position in machine-relative orthogonal dimensions, such that when facing the front of the machine (gantry):

  • the first value starts at one for the left most subject holder and monotonically increases by one for each successive subject holder towards the right,

  • the second value starts at one for the top most subject holder and monotonically increases by one for each successively lower subject holder,

  • the third value starts at one for the outer most subject holder and monotonically increases by one for each successive subject holder inwards (i.e., increasing values from the front to the back of the gantry along the direction orthogonal to the first two dimensions, usually the long axis of the table).

Note

  • The order and sign of the machine-relative directions is consistent with the Axis Definition in ACR-NEMA 300 1985.

  • Image-relative positions are not used, since there may be multiple acquisitions in different orientations. The machine-relative positions are applicable regardless of whether acquired images are cross-sections or projections.

  • Patient-relative positions are not used, since the animals may not be arranged in the same direction (e.g., a pair of animals may be arranged head-to-head).

  • There is no requirement that there be the same number of animals in each dimension. E.g., one in the top "row"and two below, in one longitudinal plane, would be represented as 1\1\1, 1\2\1, 2\1\1.

  • The goal is to describe only the relative locations of animals in any form of multiple animal holder ("mouse hotel"), without attempting to specify the exact physical dimensions or absolute locations, regardless of whether the holder is regular or symmetric in any particular dimension or not (e.g., to include "revolver-like" and hexagonal arrangements). Nor is the "distance" between each animal described.

  • The position is defined in terms of subject holders rather than subjects, since some holders may be empty or unused but still partially or completely visible in some of the images. In such cases the relative positions need to be consistently encoded by the acquisition device and recognized by automated segmentation algorithms. E.g., if the top row of in a two row holder is unoccupied, then the animals in the bottom row will be identified with a row position of 2, not 1.

  • Due to field of view and anatomical region of interest considerations, adjacent animals may sometimes be partially overlapped (e.g., Cheng TE et al. A rat head holder for simultaneous scanning of two rats in small animal PET scanners: Design, construction, feasibility testing and kinetic validation. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 2009 Jan 15;176(1):24–33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneumeth.2008.08.031 and Xu S et al. In vivo multiple-mouse imaging at 1.5 T. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 2003;49(3):551–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrm.10397); such cases may be described as a either a single plane or two planes of animals, as long as there is sufficient information to identify which animal is which.

    See Figure C.7.1.4-3.

  • The description of the physical relative locations of the animals does not account for any spatial distortion that may occur in the images due to the acquisition technique used (e.g., aliasing in MRI).

Patient Position (0018,5100) may be used to describe the machine-relative position of each animal when the animals are not all arranged in the same direction.

Note

  • Patient Position (0018,5100) is used rather than Patient Orientation Code Sequence (0054,0410) because Patient Position (0018,5100) is present in the IODs for those modalities most commonly used for small animal imaging in preclinical research.

  • For example, a pair of prone animals arranged head-to-head longitudinally along the bore of the machine would be described as:

    • Subject Relative Position in Image = 1\1\1 and Patient Position = HFP

      Subject Relative Position in Image = 1\1\2 and Patient Position = FFP

    See Figure C.7.1.4-2.

The presence of Subject Relative Position in Image (0010,0028) and Patient Position (0018,5100) within Group of Patients Identification Sequence (0010,0027) within the Patient Module implies that the relative locations and orientations of multiple animals within a group cannot change over time. I.e., a "group", identified by a particular Patient ID (0010,0020) (the unique key of the Patient entity in the Information Model), is defined not only by the animals that comprise it but also their relative locations and positioning. If the same animals are imaged together but in a different arrangement, a different Patient ID (0010,0020) for the group shall be used.

Figure C.7.1.4-1. Example of Subject Relative Position in Image for group of 6 mice in a 3 column, 2 row single longitudinal plane array, all feet first prone


Figure C.7.1.4-2. Example of Subject Relative Position in Image and differing Patient Position for group of 2 mice head-to-head


Figure C.7.1.4-3. Example of Subject Relative Position in Image and overlapping narrow field of view group of 2 mice head-to-head


Section C.7.3.1.1.2

C.7.3.1.1.2 Patient Position

Patient Position (0018,5100) specifies the position of the patient relative to the imaging equipment space. This attribute is intended for annotation purposes only. It does not provide an exact mathematical relationship of the patient to the imaging equipment.

When multiple subjects are present in the same image, and arranged with different positions, then the Patient Position (0018,5100) in the General Series Module is nominal, does not apply to each subject, but does define the relationship of the nominal Patient Coordinate System to the machine.

Note

In conjunction with the Patient Position (0018,5100) in each Item of the Group of Patients Identification Sequence (0010,0027), Patient Position (0018,5100) in the General Series Module may be helpful to compute patient-relative spatial information for each subject from the Attributes of the Image Plane Module.

When facing the front of the imaging equipment, Head First is defined as the patient's head being positioned toward the front of the imaging equipment (i.e., head entering the front of the equipment). Feet First is defined as the patient's feet being positioned toward the front of the imaging equipment (i.e., feet entering the front of the equipment). Left First is defined as the patient's left side being positioned towards the front of the imaging equipment (i.e., patient's left side entering the front of the equipment). Right First is defined as the patient's right being positioned towards the front of the imaging equipment (i.e., patient's right side entering the front of the equipment). Prone is defined as the patient's face being positioned in a downward (gravity) direction. Supine is defined as the patient's face being in an upward direction. Decubitus Right is defined as the patient's right side being in a downward direction. Decubitus Left is defined as the patient's left side being in a downward direction.

Defined Terms:

HFP

Head First-Prone

HFS

Head First-Supine

HFDR

Head First-Decubitus Right

HFDL

Head First-Decubitus Left

FFDR

Feet First-Decubitus Right

FFDL

Feet First-Decubitus Left

FFP

Feet First-Prone

FFS

Feet First-Supine

LFP

Left First-Prone

LFS

Left First-Supine

RFP

Right First-Prone

RFS

Right First-Supine

AFDR

Anterior First-Decubitus Right

AFDL

Anterior First-Decubitus Left

PFDR

Posterior First-Decubitus Right

PFDL

Posterior First-Decubitus Left

Note

  1. For quadrupeds, separate concepts for ventral and dorsal are not introduced, rather it is expected that anterior and posterior will be considered synonymous as they are when applied to the trunk.

  2. There are no decubitus variants of left or right first, since for imaging equipment that is aligned horizontally with respect to gravity the patient cannot be both decubitus and have the left or right side towards the front of the imaging equipment.

  3. There are no prone or supine variants of anterior or posterior first, since for imaging equipment that is aligned horizontally with respect to gravity the patient cannot be prone or supine and have the anterior or posterior side towards the front of the imaging equipment.

The Figure C.7.3.1.1.2-1 illustrates some of these Defined Terms for imaging equipment with a table, such as in X-Ray Angiography. The orientation of the patient related to gravity is always recumbent.

Figure C.7.3.1.1.2-1. Representation of the Eight Different Patient Positions on the X-Ray Table


Figure C.7.3.1.1.2-2. Example of Right First-Prone (RFP) Patient Position Relative to the Gantry and Table for a Small Animal