# DICOM Standard Browser

Built with by Innolitics, a team of medical imaging software developers.

Data synced with official DICOM standard on 12 May 2020. The DICOM Standard is under continuous maintenance, and the current official version is available at http://www.dicomstandard.org/current/. DICOM Parts 3, 4, and 6, © NEMA. Please note that the most recent PDF version of the standard is the official reference, and should checked when making technical decisions.

## Frame Reference Time Attribute

Tag (0054,1300) Required (1) FrameReferenceTime 1 Decimal String (DS) 024500057472.971268835

The time that the pixel values in the image occurred. Frame Reference Time is the offset, in msec, from the Series reference time. See explanation in Section C.8.9.4.1.5.

## Section C.8.9.4.1.5

###### C.8.9.4.1.5 Frame Reference Time

Frame Reference Time (0054,1300) is the time that the pixel values in the Image occurred. Frame Reference Time is defined as the time offset, in msec, from the Series Reference Time, where the Series Reference Time is defined by the combination of Series Date (0008,0021) and Series Time (0008,0031).

### Note

Frame Reference Time (0054,1300) is implementation dependent and may or may not be tied to any real-world event. To illustrate the meaning of Frame Reference Time (0054,1300), the following are some examples of possible implementations:

• Example 1: For a long-lived radionuclide and a non-time-varying radiopharmaceutical distribution, an implementation sets the Frame Reference Time (0054,1300) to the midpoint of the Actual Frame Duration (0018,1242).

• Example 2: For a short-lived radionuclide and a non-time-varying radiopharmaceutical distribution, an implementation sets the Frame Reference Time (0054,1300) to the time at which the average activity occurs for a decaying radionuclide, Tave. If image acquisition started at the Series Reference Time and the image has not been decay corrected, then Tave will be:

where:

• lambda = decay constant = (ln 2) / T1/2

• T1/2 = Radionuclide Half Life (0018,1075)

• T = Actual Frame Duration (0018,1242)

Note that Tave will be sooner than the midpoint of the Actual Frame Duration (0018,1242).

• Example 3: For a short-lived radionuclide and a time-varying radiopharmaceutical distribution, an implementation with supplementary data (e.g., scanner count rates or blood sample data) sets the Frame Reference Time (0054,1300) to a derived time determined to be its best estimate of the time that the pixel values occurred.