CR ImageCIOD
CT ImageCIOD
MR ImageCIOD
NM ImageCIOD
US ImageCIOD
US Multi-frame ImageCIOD
Secondary Capture ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Single Bit SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Byte SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Word SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame True Color SC ImageCIOD
X-Ray Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray Radiofluoroscopic ImageCIOD
RT ImageCIOD
RT DoseCIOD
RT Structure SetCIOD
RT PlanCIOD
PET ImageCIOD
Digital X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Mammography X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Intra-Oral X-Ray ImageCIOD
RT Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Brachy Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Treatment Summary RecordCIOD
VL Endoscopic ImageCIOD
VL Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Slide-Coordinates Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Photographic ImageCIOD
Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Video Microscopic ImageCIOD
Video Photographic ImageCIOD
VL Whole Slide Microscopy ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Photographic ImageCIOD
Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Pseudo-Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Blending Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Structured DisplayCIOD
XA/XRF Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Advanced Blending Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Voice Audio WaveformCIOD
12-Lead ECGCIOD
General ECGCIOD
Ambulatory ECGCIOD
Hemodynamic WaveformCIOD
Basic Cardiac Electrophysiology WaveformCIOD
Arterial Pulse WaveformCIOD
Respiratory WaveformCIOD
General Audio WaveformCIOD
Real-Time Audio WaveformCIOD
Basic Text SRCIOD
Enhanced SRCIOD
Comprehensive SRCIOD
Key Object Selection DocumentCIOD
Mammography CAD SRCIOD
Chest CAD SRCIOD
Procedure LogCIOD
X-Ray Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Spectacle Prescription ReportCIOD
Colon CAD SRCIOD
Macular Grid Thickness and Volume ReportCIOD
Implantation Plan SR DocumentCIOD
Comprehensive 3D SRCIOD
Radiopharmaceutical Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Extensible SRCIOD
Acquisition Context SRCIOD
Simplified Adult Echo SRCIOD
Patient Radiation Dose Structured ReportCIOD
Planned Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Performed Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Rendition Selection DocumentCIOD
Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
MR SpectroscopyCIOD
Enhanced MR Color ImageCIOD
PatientMModule - Patient
Clinical Trial SubjectUModule - Patient
General StudyMModule - Study
Patient StudyUModule - Study
Clinical Trial StudyUModule - Study
General SeriesMModule - Series
Clinical Trial SeriesUModule - Series
MR SeriesMModule - Series
Frame of ReferenceMModule - Frame of Reference
SynchronizationCModule - Frame of Reference
General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
Enhanced General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
Image PixelMModule - Image
Enhanced Contrast/BolusCModule - Image
Multi-frame Functional GroupsMModule - Image
(0008,0023) Content Date1Date
(0008,0033) Content Time1Time
(0020,0013) Instance Number1Integer String
(0020,0242) SOP Instance UID of Concatenation Source1CUnique Identifier
(0020,9161) Concatenation UID1CUnique Identifier
(0020,9162) In-concatenation Number1CUnsigned Short
(0020,9163) In-concatenation Total Number3Unsigned Short
(0020,9228) Concatenation Frame Offset Number1CUnsigned Long
(0022,0028) Stereo Pairs Present3Code String
(0028,0008) Number of Frames1Integer String
(0028,6010) Representative Frame Number3Unsigned Short
(5200,9229) Shared Functional Groups Sequence1Sequence
(0008,1140) Referenced Image Sequence2Sequence
(0008,9124) Derivation Image Sequence2Sequence
(0018,9006) MR Imaging Modifier Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9042) MR Receive Coil Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9049) MR Transmit Coil Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9107) MR Spatial Saturation Sequence2Sequence
(0018,9112) MR Timing and Related Parameters Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9114) MR Echo Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9115) MR Modifier Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9117) MR Diffusion Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9118) Cardiac Synchronization Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9119) MR Averages Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9125) MR FOV/Geometry Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9152) MR Metabolite Map Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9197) MR Velocity Encoding Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9226) MR Image Frame Type Sequence1Sequence
(0008,9007) Frame Type1Code String
(0008,9205) Pixel Presentation1Code String
(0008,9206) Volumetric Properties1Code String
(0008,9207) Volume Based Calculation Technique1Code String
(0008,9208) Complex Image Component1CCode String
(0008,9209) Acquisition Contrast1CCode String
(0018,9622) Functional Settling Phase Frames Present3Code String
(0018,9251) MR Arterial Spin Labeling Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9341) Contrast/Bolus Usage Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9621) Functional MR Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9071) Frame Anatomy Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9111) Frame Content Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9113) Plane Position Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9116) Plane Orientation Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9253) Respiratory Synchronization Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9310) Temporal Position Sequence1Sequence
(0028,9110) Pixel Measures Sequence1Sequence
(0028,9132) Frame VOI LUT Sequence1Sequence
(0028,9145) Pixel Value Transformation Sequence1Sequence
(0040,9096) Real World Value Mapping Sequence1Sequence
(5200,9230) Per-frame Functional Groups Sequence1CSequence
Multi-frame DimensionMModule - Image
Cardiac SynchronizationCModule - Image
Respiratory SynchronizationCModule - Image
Bulk Motion SynchronizationCModule - Image
Acquisition ContextMModule - Image
SpecimenCModule - Image
DeviceUModule - Image
Enhanced MR ImageMModule - Image
MR Pulse SequenceCModule - Image
ICC ProfileMModule - Image
SOP CommonMModule - Image
Common Instance ReferenceUModule - Image
Frame ExtractionCModule - Image
Raw DataCIOD
Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Deformable Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Spatial FiducialsCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 8 Bit ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 16 Bit ImageCIOD
Stereometric RelationshipCIOD
Hanging ProtocolCIOD
Encapsulated PDFCIOD
Encapsulated CDACIOD
Real World Value MappingCIOD
Enhanced XA ImageCIOD
Enhanced XRF ImageCIOD
RT Ion PlanCIOD
RT Ion Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
SegmentationCIOD
Ophthalmic Tomography ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Craniofacial ImageCIOD
Breast Tomosynthesis ImageCIOD
Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Surface SegmentationCIOD
Color PaletteCIOD
Enhanced US VolumeCIOD
Lensometry MeasurementsCIOD
Autorefraction MeasurementsCIOD
Keratometry MeasurementsCIOD
Subjective Refraction MeasurementsCIOD
Visual Acuity MeasurementsCIOD
Ophthalmic Axial MeasurementsCIOD
Intraocular Lens CalculationsCIOD
Generic Implant TemplateCIOD
Implant Assembly TemplateCIOD
Implant Template GroupCIOD
RT Beams Delivery InstructionCIOD
Ophthalmic Visual Field Static Perimetry MeasurementsCIOD
Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Thickness MapCIOD
Surface Scan MeshCIOD
Surface Scan Point CloudCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Corneal Topography MapCIOD
Breast Projection X-Ray ImageCIOD
Parametric MapCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography Stereographic Projection ImageCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography 3D Coordinates ImageCIOD
Tractography ResultsCIOD
RT Brachy Application Setup Delivery InstructionCIOD
Planar MPR Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Volume Rendering Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Content Assessment ResultsCIOD
CT Performed Procedure ProtocolCIOD
CT Defined Procedure ProtocolCIOD
Protocol ApprovalCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography En Face ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography B-scan Volume AnalysisCIOD
Encapsulated STLCIOD
Encapsulated OBJCIOD
Encapsulated MTLCIOD
RT Physician IntentCIOD
RT Segment AnnotationCIOD
RT Radiation SetCIOD
C-Arm Photon-Electron RadiationCIOD
Tomotherapeutic RadiationCIOD
Robotic-Arm RadiationCIOD
Basic DirectoryCIOD

Built with by Innolitics, a team of medical imaging software developers.

Data synced with official DICOM standard on 12 May 2020. The DICOM Standard is under continuous maintenance, and the current official version is available at http://www.dicomstandard.org/current/. DICOM Parts 3, 4, and 6, © NEMA. Please note that the most recent PDF version of the standard is the official reference, and should checked when making technical decisions.

Frame Type Attribute

Tag(0008,9007)
TypeRequired (1)
KeywordFrameType
Value Multiplicity4
Value RepresentationCode String (CS)

Type of Frame. A multi-valued Attribute analogous to Image Type (0008,0008).

Enumerated Values and Defined Terms are the same as those for the four values of Image Type (0008,0008), except that the value MIXED is not allowed unless the SOP Class UID is "1.2.840.10008.5.1.4.1.1.4.4" (Legacy Converted). See Section C.8.16.1 and Section C.8.13.1.1.1.

Note

Part of the MR Image Frame Type Functional Group Macro with usage: M

Section C.8.16.1

C.8.16.1 Image Type and Frame Type

Image Type (0008,0008) and associated Image Type related Attributes provide a high level description of a multi-frame SOP Instance. These Attributes describe properties that provide key summary information to users of the SOP Instance. Image Type (0008,0008) contains the highest level summary of what is in the SOP Instance.

Frame Type (0008,9007) mirrors the corresponding Image Type Attribute and applies to the frame level rather than to the image level.

If more than one value is used by the set of frames for a given Frame Type (0008,9007) Attribute value or associated Attribute value then the corresponding value of Image Type (0008,0008) or associated Attribute shall contain a value of MIXED. This indicates that a mixed set of values exists within the multi-frame SOP Instance.

The value MIXED shall only be used in Image Type (0008,0008) when the corresponding values for the individual frames are not equal. When a value of an Attribute is equal for all frames, the same value shall be used for the corresponding value of Image Type (0008,0008). Values 2 and 3 of Image Type (0008,0008) are an exception to the rule for MIXED: Values 2 and 3 may never have the value of MIXED as described in Section C.8.16.1.2 and Section C.8.16.1.3.

Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007) shall consist of four values.

C.8.16.1.1 Pixel Data Characteristics

Value 1 of Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007) shall use one of the following Enumerated Values from Table C.8-127.

Value 1 of Image Type (0008,0008) and Value 1 of Frame Type (0008,9007) shall not be zero length.

Table C.8-127. Image Type and Frame Type Value 1

Enumerated Value Name

Enumerated Value Description

ORIGINAL

An image or frame is original if its pixel data was directly reconstructed from the original data that is obtained from the sensors of the imaging equipment, Image Type (0008,0008) Value 4 is NONE, and Volume Based Calculation Technique (0008,9207) is NONE.

Note

  1. For MR, original data is data directly reconstructed from k-space data.

  2. For CT, original frames are those directly reconstructed from projection data.

DERIVED

An image or frame is derived if its pixel data was calculated from original or other derived pixel data (i.e., it is not original).

MIXED

Used only as a value in Image Type (0008,0008) if frames within the SOP Instance contain different values for Value 1 in their Frame Type (0008,9007).


C.8.16.1.2 Patient Examination Characteristics

Value 2 for Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007) follows the standard definition and shall have the following Enumerated Value from Table C.8-128.

Value 2 of Image Type (0008,0008) and Value 2 of Frame Type (0008,9007) shall not be zero length.

Table C.8-128. Image Type and Frame Type Value 2

Enumerated Value Name

Enumerated Value Description

PRIMARY

See Section C.7.6.1.1.2


C.8.16.1.3 Image Flavor

Value 3 is an overall representation of the image type. This value may be a summary of several other Attributes or a duplication of one of the other Attributes to indicate the most important aspect of this image. Value 3 Image Flavor is to be used with Value 4 Derived Pixel Contrast to indicate the nature of the image set.

Note

For example Value 3 = DIFFUSION together with Value 4 = NONE indicates that the image set was originally collected for DIFFUSION.

If Value 3 = DIFFUSION together with Value 4 = DIFFUSION this indicates that the object contains DIFFUSION weighted post processed images.

Value 3 of Image Type (0008,0008) shall not be zero length.

Value 3 of Frame Type (0008,9007) may have the same value as found in Value 3 of Image Type (0008,0008), or may have a different value.

The Attribute value may not be MIXED as this value needs to be a summary of the primary purpose of the images, whether the frames have the same value or not.

Table C.8-129 specifies the Defined Terms for Value 3 for Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007) that are common to CT and MR. Additional Defined Terms are defined in the modality-specific Module and Macro definitions.

Table C.8-129. Image Type and Frame Type Value 3 Common

Defined Term Name

Defined Term Description

ANGIO

Collected for the purpose of angiography

CARDIAC

Images of the heart

CARDIAC_GATED

Cardiac gated images, other than of the heart

CARDRESP_GATED

Cardiac and respiratory gated images

DYNAMIC

An image in which the same anatomical volume is imaged at multiple times in order to capture images of a non-cyclic, time varying event. For example, imaging of the uptake of a tracer or contrast in a specific organ over time.

Note

This is different from gating techniques, in which the same anatomical volume is imaged during some portion of a cyclic event, e.g., inspiration or R-R Interval.

FLUOROSCOPY

Real-time collection of single slices (e.g., CT or MR Fluoroscopy)

LOCALIZER

Collected for the purpose of planning other images.

MOTION

Collected for looking at body motion

PERFUSION

Collected for the purposes of perfusion calculations.

PRE_CONTRAST

Collected before contrast was administered

POST_CONTRAST

Collected during or after contrast was administered

RESP_GATED

Respiratory gated images

REST

Cardiac rest image set

STATIC

A group of frames at varying spatial locations acquired at the same time.

STRESS

Cardiac stress image set

VOLUME

Set of frames that define a regularly sampled volume

NON_PARALLEL

Set of frames that are not parallel

PARALLEL

Set of frames that are parallel but do not constitute a regularly sampled volume

WHOLE_BODY

A group of frames of the whole body; the frames may be acquired at various times (as distinct from STATIC).


C.8.16.1.4 Derived Pixel Contrast

Value 4 shall be used to indicate derived pixel contrast - generally, contrast created by combining or processing images with the same geometry. Value 4 shall have a value of NONE when Value 1 is ORIGINAL.

Value 4 may have the value QUANTITY if the derived pixel contrast is described in the Quantity Definition Sequence (0040,9220) of the Real World Value Mapping Functional Group Macro.

Note

If more than one of the following derived types is applicable, then it is up to the generating application to specify the value that best characterizes the derived image.

Value 4 of Image Type (0008,0008) and Value 4 of Frame Type (0008,9007) shall not be zero length unless the SOP Class UID is "1.2.840.10008.5.1.4.1.1.2.2" or "1.2.840.10008.5.1.4.1.1.4.4" or "1.2.840.10008.5.1.4.1.1.128.1" (Legacy Converted).

Table C.8-130 specifies the Defined Terms for Value 4 for Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007) that are common to CT and MR. Additional Defined Terms are defined in the modality-specific Module and Macro definitions.

Table C.8-130. Image Type and Frame Type Value 4 Common

Defined Term Name

Defined Term Description

ADDITION

Created through Pixel by pixel addition operation

DIVISION

Created through Pixel by pixel division operation

MASKED

Created through Pixel by pixel masking operation

MAXIMUM

Created through Pixel by Pixel maximum operation

MEAN

Created through Pixel by pixel mean operation

MINIMUM

Created through Pixel by Pixel minimum operation

MULTIPLICATION

Created through Pixel by pixel multiplication operation

RESAMPLED

Pixels have been spatially re-sampled, e.g., MPR

STD_DEVIATION

Standard Deviation

SUBTRACTION

Created through Pixel by pixel subtraction operation

NONE

Not a calculated image

QUANTITY

Derived pixel values are a quantity described by Quantity Definition Sequence (0040,9220) of the Real World Value Mapping Functional Group Macro.

MIXED

Used only as value in Image Type (0008,0008) if frames within the image SOP Instance contain different values for value 4 in their Frame Type (0008,9007) Attribute.


Section C.8.13.1.1.1

C.8.13.1.1.1 Image Type and Frame Type

Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007) are not included in this Macro but one or the other is always included in the Module or Macro that invokes this Macro, and they are therefore described here.

In addition to the requirements specified in Section C.8.16.1 Image Type and Frame Type, the following additional requirements and Defined Terms are specified.

C.8.13.1.1.1.1 Pixel Data Characteristics

Value 1 of Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007) is discussed in Section C.8.16.1.1. No additional requirements or Defined Terms.

C.8.13.1.1.1.2 Patient Examination Characteristics

Value 2 of Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007) is discussed in Section C.8.16.1.2. No additional requirements or Defined Terms.

C.8.13.1.1.1.3 Image Flavor

Table C.8-80 specifies the Defined Terms for MR additional to those defined in Section C.8.16.1.3 for Value 3 for Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007).

Table C.8-80. MR-Specific Image Type and Frame Type Value 3

Defined Term Name

Defined Term Description

ANGIO_TIME

Angio time acquisition (peripheral vascular/carotid)

ASL

Arterial Spin Labeling

CINE

Cardiac CINE

DIFFUSION

Collected to show diffusion effects.

DIXON

Dixon Water Fat Imaging Techniques.

FLOW_ENCODED

Flow Encoded

FLUID_ATTENUATED

Fluid Attenuated T2 weighted

FMRI

Collected for functional imaging calculations.

MAX_IP

Maximum Intensity Projection

MIN_IP

Minimum Intensity Projection

M_MODE

Image line over time

METABOLITE_MAP

Metabolite Maps from spectroscopy data

MULTIECHO

Multiple echoes with different contrast weighting (e.g., proton density and T2 weighted)

PROTON_DENSITY

Proton density weighted

REALTIME

Real-time collection of single slices

STIR

Short Tau Inversion Recovery

TAGGING

Images with superposition of thin saturation bands

TEMPERATURE

Images record temperature

T1

T1 weighted

T2

T2 weighted

T2_STAR

T2* weighted

TOF

Time Of Flight weighted

VELOCITY

Velocity encoded


C.8.13.1.1.1.4 Derived Pixel Contrast

Table C.8-81 specifies the Defined Terms for MR additional to those defined in Section C.8.16.1.4 for Value 4 for Image Type (0008,0008) and Frame Type (0008,9007).

Table C.8-81. MR-Specific Image Type and Frame Type Value 4

Defined Term Name

Defined Term Description


Note

This table formerly contained defined terms such as ADC, etc. These have been replaced with the use of QUANTITY and the appropriate coded entry used in Quantity Definition Sequence (0040,9220) of the Real World Value Mapping Functional Group Macro. For former defined terms, see PS3.3 2018c.