CR ImageCIOD
CT ImageCIOD
MR ImageCIOD
NM ImageCIOD
US ImageCIOD
US Multi-frame ImageCIOD
Secondary Capture ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Single Bit SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Byte SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Word SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame True Color SC ImageCIOD
X-Ray Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray Radiofluoroscopic ImageCIOD
RT ImageCIOD
RT DoseCIOD
RT Structure SetCIOD
RT PlanCIOD
PET ImageCIOD
Digital X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Mammography X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Intra-Oral X-Ray ImageCIOD
RT Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Brachy Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Treatment Summary RecordCIOD
VL Endoscopic ImageCIOD
VL Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Slide-Coordinates Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Photographic ImageCIOD
Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Video Microscopic ImageCIOD
Video Photographic ImageCIOD
VL Whole Slide Microscopy ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Photographic ImageCIOD
Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
PatientMModule - Patient
Clinical Trial SubjectUModule - Patient
General StudyMModule - Study
Patient StudyUModule - Study
Clinical Trial StudyUModule - Study
General SeriesMModule - Series
Clinical Trial SeriesUModule - Series
Presentation SeriesMModule - Series
General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
Presentation State IdentificationMModule - Presentation State
Presentation State RelationshipMModule - Presentation State
Presentation State ShutterMModule - Presentation State
Presentation State MaskMModule - Presentation State
MaskCModule - Presentation State
Display ShutterCModule - Presentation State
Bitmap Display ShutterCModule - Presentation State
Overlay PlaneCModule - Presentation State
Overlay ActivationCModule - Presentation State
Displayed AreaMModule - Presentation State
(0070,005A) Displayed Area Selection Sequence1Sequence
(0008,1140) Referenced Image Sequence1CSequence
(0048,0301) Pixel Origin Interpretation1CCode String
(0070,0052) Displayed Area Top Left Hand Corner1Signed Long
(0070,0053) Displayed Area Bottom Right Hand Corner1Signed Long
(0070,0100) Presentation Size Mode1Code String
(0070,0101) Presentation Pixel Spacing1CDecimal String
(0070,0102) Presentation Pixel Aspect Ratio1CInteger String
(0070,0103) Presentation Pixel Magnification Ratio1CSingle
Graphic AnnotationCModule - Presentation State
Spatial TransformationCModule - Presentation State
Graphic LayerCModule - Presentation State
Graphic GroupUModule - Presentation State
Modality LUTCModule - Presentation State
Softcopy VOI LUTCModule - Presentation State
Softcopy Presentation LUTMModule - Presentation State
SOP CommonMModule - Presentation State
Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Pseudo-Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Blending Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Structured DisplayCIOD
XA/XRF Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Advanced Blending Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Voice Audio WaveformCIOD
12-Lead ECGCIOD
General ECGCIOD
Ambulatory ECGCIOD
Hemodynamic WaveformCIOD
Basic Cardiac Electrophysiology WaveformCIOD
Arterial Pulse WaveformCIOD
Respiratory WaveformCIOD
General Audio WaveformCIOD
Real-Time Audio WaveformCIOD
Basic Text SRCIOD
Enhanced SRCIOD
Comprehensive SRCIOD
Key Object Selection DocumentCIOD
Mammography CAD SRCIOD
Chest CAD SRCIOD
Procedure LogCIOD
X-Ray Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Spectacle Prescription ReportCIOD
Colon CAD SRCIOD
Macular Grid Thickness and Volume ReportCIOD
Implantation Plan SR DocumentCIOD
Comprehensive 3D SRCIOD
Radiopharmaceutical Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Extensible SRCIOD
Acquisition Context SRCIOD
Simplified Adult Echo SRCIOD
Patient Radiation Dose Structured ReportCIOD
Planned Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Performed Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Rendition Selection DocumentCIOD
Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
MR SpectroscopyCIOD
Enhanced MR Color ImageCIOD
Raw DataCIOD
Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Deformable Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Spatial FiducialsCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 8 Bit ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 16 Bit ImageCIOD
Stereometric RelationshipCIOD
Hanging ProtocolCIOD
Encapsulated PDFCIOD
Encapsulated CDACIOD
Real World Value MappingCIOD
Enhanced XA ImageCIOD
Enhanced XRF ImageCIOD
RT Ion PlanCIOD
RT Ion Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
SegmentationCIOD
Ophthalmic Tomography ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Craniofacial ImageCIOD
Breast Tomosynthesis ImageCIOD
Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Surface SegmentationCIOD
Color PaletteCIOD
Enhanced US VolumeCIOD
Lensometry MeasurementsCIOD
Autorefraction MeasurementsCIOD
Keratometry MeasurementsCIOD
Subjective Refraction MeasurementsCIOD
Visual Acuity MeasurementsCIOD
Ophthalmic Axial MeasurementsCIOD
Intraocular Lens CalculationsCIOD
Generic Implant TemplateCIOD
Implant Assembly TemplateCIOD
Implant Template GroupCIOD
RT Beams Delivery InstructionCIOD
Ophthalmic Visual Field Static Perimetry MeasurementsCIOD
Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Thickness MapCIOD
Surface Scan MeshCIOD
Surface Scan Point CloudCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Corneal Topography MapCIOD
Breast Projection X-Ray ImageCIOD
Parametric MapCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography Stereographic Projection ImageCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography 3D Coordinates ImageCIOD
Tractography ResultsCIOD
RT Brachy Application Setup Delivery InstructionCIOD
Planar MPR Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Volume Rendering Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Content Assessment ResultsCIOD
CT Performed Procedure ProtocolCIOD
CT Defined Procedure ProtocolCIOD
Protocol ApprovalCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography En Face ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography B-scan Volume AnalysisCIOD
Encapsulated STLCIOD
Encapsulated OBJCIOD
Encapsulated MTLCIOD
RT Physician IntentCIOD
RT Segment AnnotationCIOD
RT Radiation SetCIOD
C-Arm Photon-Electron RadiationCIOD
Tomotherapeutic RadiationCIOD
Robotic-Arm RadiationCIOD
Basic DirectoryCIOD

Built with by Innolitics, a team of medical imaging software developers.

Data synced with official DICOM standard on 12 May 2020. The DICOM Standard is under continuous maintenance, and the current official version is available at //dicom.nema.org/. DICOM Parts 3, 4, and 6, © NEMA. Please note that the most recent PDF version of the standard is the official reference, and should checked when making technical decisions.

Presentation Pixel Spacing Attribute

Tag(0070,0101)
TypeConditionally Required (1C)
KeywordPresentationPixelSpacing
Value Multiplicity2
Value RepresentationDecimal String (DS)

Physical distance between the center of each pixel in the referenced image (before spatial transformation), specified by a numeric pair - adjacent row spacing (delimiter) adjacent column spacing in mm. See Section 10.7.1.3 for further explanation of the value order.

Note

  1. This value may be different from Pixel Spacing (0028,0030) or Imager Pixel Spacing (0018,1164) specified in the referenced image, which are ignored, since some form of calibration may have been performed (for example by reference to an object of known size in the image).

  2. If the row and column spacing are different, then the pixel aspect ratio of the image is not 1:1.

Required if Presentation Size Mode (0070,0100) is TRUE SIZE, in which case the values will correspond to the physical distance between the center of each pixel on the display device.

May be present if Presentation Size Mode (0070,0100) is SCALE TO FIT or MAGNIFY, in which case the values are used to compute the aspect ratio of the image pixels.

Section 10.7.1.3

10.7.1.3 Pixel Spacing Value Order and Valid Values

All pixel spacing related Attributes are encoded as the physical distance between the centers of each two-dimensional pixel, specified by two numeric values.

The first value is the row spacing in mm, that is the spacing between the centers of adjacent rows, or vertical spacing.

The second value is the column spacing in mm, that is the spacing between the centers of adjacent columns, or horizontal spacing.

To illustrate, consider the example shown in Figure 10.7.1.3-1.

Figure 10.7.1.3-1. Example of Pixel Spacing Value Order


Pixel Spacing = Row Spacing \ Column Spacing = 0.30\0.25.

All pixel spacing related Attributes shall have positive non-zero values, except when there is only a single row or column or pixel of data present, in which case the corresponding value may be zero.

Note

A single row or column or "pixel" may occur in MR Spectroscopy Instances.

This description applies to:

  • Pixel Spacing (0028,0030)

  • Imager Pixel Spacing (0018,1164)

  • Nominal Scanned Pixel Spacing (0018,2010)

  • Image Plane Pixel Spacing (3002,0011)

  • Compensator Pixel Spacing (300A,00E9)

  • Detector Element Spacing (0018,7022)

  • Presentation Pixel Spacing (0070,0101)

  • Printer Pixel Spacing (2010,0376)

  • Object Pixel Spacing in Center of Beam (0018,9404)