Computed Radiography ImageCIOD
Nuclear Medicine ImageCIOD
Ultrasound ImageCIOD
Ultrasound Multi-frame ImageCIOD
Secondary Capture ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Single Bit Secondary Capture ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Byte Secondary Capture ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Word Secondary Capture ImageCIOD
Multi-frame True Color Secondary Capture ImageCIOD
X-Ray Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray Radiofluoroscopic ImageCIOD
RT Structure SetCIOD
Positron Emission Tomography ImageCIOD
Digital X-Ray ImageCIOD
PatientMModule - Patient
Clinical Trial SubjectUModule - Patient
General StudyMModule - Study
Patient StudyUModule - Study
Clinical Trial StudyUModule - Study
General SeriesMModule - Series
Clinical Trial SeriesUModule - Series
DX SeriesMModule - Series
Frame of ReferenceUModule - Frame of Reference
General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
General AcquisitionMModule - Acquisition
General ImageMModule - Image
General ReferenceUModule - Image
Image PixelMModule - Image
Contrast/BolusUModule - Image
Display ShutterUModule - Image
DeviceUModule - Image
InterventionUModule - Image
SpecimenUModule - Image
DX Anatomy ImagedMModule - Image
DX ImageMModule - Image
DX DetectorMModule - Image
(0018,1004) Plate ID3Long String
(0018,1007) Cassette ID3Long String
(0018,1147) Field of View Shape3Code String
(0018,1149) Field of View Dimension(s)3Integer String
(0018,1164) Imager Pixel Spacing1Decimal String
(0018,1411) Exposure Index3Decimal String
(0018,1412) Target Exposure Index3Decimal String
(0018,1413) Deviation Index3Decimal String
(0018,6000) Sensitivity3Decimal String
(0018,7000) Detector Conditions Nominal Flag3Code String
(0018,7001) Detector Temperature3Decimal String
(0018,7004) Detector Type2Code String
(0018,7005) Detector Configuration3Code String
(0018,7006) Detector Description3Long Text
(0018,7008) Detector Mode3Long Text
(0018,700A) Detector ID3Short String
(0018,700C) Date of Last Detector Calibration3Date
(0018,700E) Time of Last Detector Calibration3Time
(0018,7010) Exposures on Detector Since Last Calibration3Integer String
(0018,7011) Exposures on Detector Since Manufactured3Integer String
(0018,7012) Detector Time Since Last Exposure3Decimal String
(0018,7014) Detector Active Time3Decimal String
(0018,7016) Detector Activation Offset From Exposure3Decimal String
(0018,701A) Detector Binning3Decimal String
(0018,7020) Detector Element Physical Size3Decimal String
(0018,7022) Detector Element Spacing3Decimal String
(0018,7024) Detector Active Shape3Code String
(0018,7026) Detector Active Dimension(s)3Decimal String
(0018,7028) Detector Active Origin3Decimal String
(0018,702A) Detector Manufacturer Name3Long String
(0018,702B) Detector Manufacturer's Model Name3Long String
(0018,7030) Field of View Origin1CDecimal String
(0018,7032) Field of View Rotation1CDecimal String
(0018,7034) Field of View Horizontal Flip1CCode String
(0028,0030) Pixel Spacing1CDecimal String
(0028,0A02) Pixel Spacing Calibration Type3Code String
(0028,0A04) Pixel Spacing Calibration Description1CLong String
X-Ray CollimatorUModule - Image
DX PositioningUModule - Image
X-Ray Tomography AcquisitionUModule - Image
X-Ray Acquisition DoseUModule - Image
X-Ray GenerationUModule - Image
X-Ray FiltrationUModule - Image
X-Ray GridUModule - Image
Overlay PlaneCModule - Image
VOI LUTCModule - Image
Image HistogramUModule - Image
Acquisition ContextMModule - Image
SOP CommonMModule - Image
Common Instance ReferenceUModule - Image
Digital Mammography X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Intra-Oral X-Ray ImageCIOD
RT Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Brachy Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Treatment Summary RecordCIOD
VL Endoscopic ImageCIOD
VL Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Slide-Coordinates Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Photographic ImageCIOD
Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Video Microscopic ImageCIOD
Video Photographic ImageCIOD
VL Whole Slide Microscopy ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Photographic ImageCIOD
Dermoscopic Photography ImageCIOD
Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Pseudo-Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Blending Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Structured DisplayCIOD
XA/XRF Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Advanced Blending Presentation StateCIOD
Variable Modality LUT Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Voice Audio WaveformCIOD
Ambulatory ECGCIOD
Hemodynamic WaveformCIOD
Basic Cardiac Electrophysiology WaveformCIOD
Arterial Pulse WaveformCIOD
Respiratory WaveformCIOD
General Audio WaveformCIOD
Real-Time Audio WaveformCIOD
Routine Scalp ElectroencephalogramCIOD
Sleep ElectroencephalogramCIOD
Multi-channel Respiratory WaveformCIOD
Body Position WaveformCIOD
General 32-bit ECGCIOD
Basic Text SRCIOD
Enhanced SRCIOD
Comprehensive SRCIOD
Key Object Selection DocumentCIOD
Mammography CAD SRCIOD
Procedure LogCIOD
X-Ray Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Spectacle Prescription ReportCIOD
Macular Grid Thickness and Volume ReportCIOD
Implantation Plan SR DocumentCIOD
Comprehensive 3D SRCIOD
Radiopharmaceutical Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Extensible SRCIOD
Acquisition Context SRCIOD
Simplified Adult Echo SRCIOD
Patient Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Planned Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Performed Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Rendition Selection DocumentCIOD
Enhanced X-Ray Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
MR SpectroscopyCIOD
Enhanced MR Color ImageCIOD
Raw DataCIOD
Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Deformable Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Spatial FiducialsCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 8 Bit ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 16 Bit ImageCIOD
Stereometric RelationshipCIOD
Hanging ProtocolCIOD
Encapsulated PDFCIOD
Encapsulated CDACIOD
Real World Value MappingCIOD
Enhanced XA ImageCIOD
Enhanced XRF ImageCIOD
RT Ion Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
Ophthalmic Tomography ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Craniofacial ImageCIOD
Breast Tomosynthesis ImageCIOD
Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Surface SegmentationCIOD
Color PaletteCIOD
Enhanced US VolumeCIOD
Lensometry MeasurementsCIOD
Autorefraction MeasurementsCIOD
Keratometry MeasurementsCIOD
Subjective Refraction MeasurementsCIOD
Visual Acuity MeasurementsCIOD
Ophthalmic Axial MeasurementsCIOD
Intraocular Lens CalculationsCIOD
Generic Implant TemplateCIOD
Implant Assembly TemplateCIOD
Implant Template GroupCIOD
RT Beams Delivery InstructionCIOD
Ophthalmic Visual Field Static Perimetry MeasurementsCIOD
Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Thickness MapCIOD
Surface Scan MeshCIOD
Surface Scan Point CloudCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Corneal Topography MapCIOD
Breast Projection X-Ray ImageCIOD
Parametric MapCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography Stereographic Projection ImageCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography 3D Coordinates ImageCIOD
Tractography ResultsCIOD
RT Brachy Application Setup Delivery InstructionCIOD
Planar MPR Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Volume Rendering Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Content Assessment ResultsCIOD
CT Performed Procedure ProtocolCIOD
CT Defined Procedure ProtocolCIOD
Protocol ApprovalCIOD
XA Performed Procedure ProtocolCIOD
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Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography En Face ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography B-scan Volume AnalysisCIOD
Encapsulated STLCIOD
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RT Physician IntentCIOD
RT Segment AnnotationCIOD
RT Radiation SetCIOD
C-Arm Photon-Electron RadiationCIOD
Tomotherapeutic RadiationCIOD
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RT Radiation Record SetCIOD
RT Radiation Salvage RecordCIOD
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Tomotherapeutic Radiation RecordCIOD
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RT Radiation Set Delivery InstructionCIOD
RT Treatment PreparationCIOD
Enhanced RT ImageCIOD
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RT Patient Position Acquisition InstructionCIOD
Microscopy Bulk Simple AnnotationsCIOD
Photoacoustic ImageCIOD
Confocal Microscopy ImageCIOD
Confocal Microscopy Tiled Pyramidal ImageCIOD
Basic DirectoryCIOD

Built with by Innolitics, a team of medical imaging software developers.

Data synced with official DICOM standard on 18 April 2024. The DICOM Standard is under continuous maintenance, and the current official version is available at DICOM Parts 3, 4, and 6, © NEMA. Please note that the most recent PDF version of the standard is the official reference, and should checked when making technical decisions.

Detector Active Origin Attribute

TypeOptional (3)
Value Multiplicity2
Value RepresentationDecimal String (DS)

Offset of the TLHC of a rectangle circumscribing the active detector area from the TLHC of a rectangle circumscribing the physical detector area, measured in physical detector pixels as a row offset followed by a column offset.

See Section C. for further explanation.

Section C.

C. Physical, Active, Field of View, Exposed and Displayed Areas

The relationship between the Physical Detector Area, the Active Detector Area, the Field of View (what is stored in Pixel Data (7FE0,0010)), the Exposed Area (after X-Ray Collimation) and the Displayed Area is illustrated in the following diagrams.


Some of these Attributes relate the image data to manufacturer specific characteristics of the detector that may be used for quality control purposes, e.g., correlation of image artifacts with a detector defect map, analysis of noise performance, etc.

The Displayed Area is defined in pixel coordinates relative to the stored image pixel values by the Attributes of the Display Shutter Module (see Section C.7.6.11). If this Module is not present or supported, then the Displayed Area is equal to the Field of View.

The Exposed Area is defined in pixel coordinates relative to the stored image pixel values by the Attributes of the X-Ray Collimator Module (see Section C.8.7.3).

For the Digital X-Ray IODs, the Field of View is usually rectangular in shape and usually has the same size as the stored Pixel Data (7FE0,0010). The shape and size of the Field of View and the spacing of the pixels are defined by the following Attributes:

  • Field of View Shape (0018,1147),

  • Field of View Dimensions (0018,1149),

  • Imager Pixel Spacing (0018,1164),

  • Rows (0028,0010),

  • Columns (0028,0011).

In the case where the Field of View has the same size as the stored Pixel Data (7FE0,0010) the following relationships are verified:

If the Field of View Shape (0018,1147) Attribute equals RECTANGLE:

  • Field of View Dimensionsrow dimension = Imager Pixel Spacingrow spacing * Rows

  • Field of View Dimensionscolumn dimension = Imager Pixel Spacingcolumn spacing * Columns

If the Field of View Shape (0018,1147) Attribute equals ROUND or HEXAGONAL:

  • Field of View Dimensionsdiameter = Imager Pixel Spacingrow spacing * Rows

  • Field of View Dimensionsdiameter = Imager Pixel Spacingcolumn spacing * Columns

The following Attributes define the relationship of the Field of View to the Physical Detector Area:

  • Field of View Origin (0018,7030),

  • Field of View Rotation (0018,7032),

  • Field of View Horizontal Flip (0018,7034).

For the Digital X-Ray IODs, the Active Area, i.e., that part of the detector matrix that was activated for this exposure, is usually rectangular in shape. The shape and size of the Active Area and the size and spacing of the detectors are defined by the following Attributes:

  • Detector Active Shape (0018,7024),

  • Detector Active Dimensions (0018,7026),

  • Detector Element Physical Size (0018,7020),

  • Detector Element Spacing (0018,7022).


  1. The Detector Element Physical Size (0018,7020) and Detector Element Spacing (0018,7022) may be different if there are insensitive regions between each detector.

  2. This model of description is not able to accurately describe multiple matrices of detectors that are "tiled" to produce a single image.

The following optional Attribute defines the relationship of the Active Area to the Physical Detector Area:

  • Detector Active Origin (0018,7028).

In the case where the Field of View has the same size as the stored Pixel Data (7FE0,0010), the relationship between detectors and stored image pixels is defined by Detector Binning (0018,701A), which specifies how many detectors, in each of the row and column directions, contribute to (are pooled or averaged to form) a single stored image pixel.


  1. Detector Binning (0018,701A) may have values less than one if sub-sampling is used to derive an image with higher spatial resolution than the detector matrix.

  2. The detector binning results in the size of a stored image pixel being different from the contributing physical detector pixels. In this case it is important to notice that the Field Of View Origin (0018,7030) is defined with respect to the center of the detector element located at the TLHC of the Field of View.

  3. For images where the Field of View describes an area not equal to the size (rows and columns) of the stored Pixel Data (7FE0,0010), Detector Binning (0018,701A) does not fully specify the relationship between the contributing physical detector pixels and the stored image pixels.

Figure C.8-14. Explanation of Digital Detector Attributes

Figure C.8-15. Explanation of Digital Detector Attributes