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MaskCModule - Image
(0028,6100) Mask Subtraction Sequence1Sequence
(0028,6101) Mask Operation1Code String
(0028,9416) Subtraction Item ID1CUnsigned Short
(0028,6102) Applicable Frame Range1CUnsigned Short
(0028,6110) Mask Frame Numbers1CUnsigned Short
(0028,6112) Contrast Frame Averaging3Unsigned Short
(0028,6114) Mask Sub-pixel Shift3Single
(0028,6120) TID Offset2CSigned Short
(0028,6190) Mask Operation Explanation3Short Text
(0028,9454) Mask Selection Mode3Code String
(0028,1090) Recommended Viewing Mode2Code String
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Data synced with official DICOM standard on 10 January 2017. The DICOM Standard is under continuous maintenance, and the current official version is available at http://dicom.nema.org/. DICOM Parts 3 and 6, © NEMA. Please note that the most recent PDF version of the standard is the official reference, and should checked when making technical decisions.

Mask Operation Attribute

Tag(0028,6101)
TypeRequired (1)
KeywordMaskOperation
Value Multiplicity1
Value RepresentationCode String (CS)

Defined Term identifying the type of mask operation to be performed. See Section C.7.6.10.1 for further explanation.

Section C.7.6.10.1

C.7.6.10.1 Mask Subtraction Attribute Descriptions
C.7.6.10.1.1 Mask Operation

Mask Operation (0028,6101) specifies a type of mask operation to be performed.

Defined Terms:

NONE

(No Subtraction) No mask subtraction operation is specified;

AVG_SUB

(Average Subtraction) The frames specified by the Mask Frame Numbers (0028,6110) are averaged together, shifted by the amount specified in the Mask Sub-pixel Shift (0028,6114), then subtracted from the contrast frames in the range specified in the Applicable Frame Range (0028,6102). Contrast Frame Averaging (0028,6112) number of frames starting with the current frame are averaged together before the subtraction. If the Applicable Frame Range is not present in this Sequence item, the Applicable Frame Range is assumed to end at the last frame number of the image minus Contrast Frame Averaging (0028,6112) plus one;

TID

(Time Interval Differencing) The mask for each frame within the Applicable Frame Range (0028,6102) is selected by subtracting TID Offset (0028,6120) from the respective frame number. If the Applicable Frame Range is not present in this Sequence item, the Applicable Frame Range is assumed to be a range where TID offset subtracted from any frame number with the range results in a valid frame number within the Multi-frame image.

Note

A positive value for TID Offset (0028,6120) means that the mask frame numbers are lower than the subtracted frame numbers. A negative TID Offset means that the mask frame numbers are higher than the subtracted frame numbers.

REV_TID

(Reversed Time Interval Differencing) The number of the mask frame for each contrast frame within the Applicable Frame Range (0028,6102) is calculated by subtracting TID Offset (0028,6120) from the first frame within the Applicable Frame Range, TID Offset (0028,6120) +2 from the second frame within the Applicable Frame Range, TID Offset (0028,6120) +4 from the third frame and so on. The Applicable Frame Range (0028,6102) shall be present.

When multiple pairs of frame numbers are specified in the Applicable Frame Range attribute, the beginning frame numbers (i.e., the first frame number in each pair) shall be in increasing order.

Algorithm to calculate the Mask Frame Number:

MFN = (FCFN - TID Offset) - (CFN - FCFN)

Where:

MFN = Mask Frame Number

CFN = Contrast Frame Number

FCFN = First Contrast Frame Number, the first frame number of the first pair in the Applicable Frame Range

Note

A positive value for TID Offset (0028,6120) means that the mask frame numbers are lower than the subtracted frame numbers. A negative TID Offset means that the mask frame numbers are higher than the subtracted frame numbers.

Note

Example of TID Offset, see Figure C.7.6.10-1:

Figure C.7.6.10-1. Example of TID Offset


Number of Frames: 32

Applicable Frame Range: 20 to 30

TID Offset: 5

For Calculating the TID Offset for Mask Operation REV_TID see Table C.7.6.10-1.

Table C.7.6.10-1. Example Mask Frame Numbers for Mask Operation REV_TID

Contrast Frame Number (CFN) (Absolute value)

Mask Frame Number (MFN) (Absolute value)

20

15

21

14

22

13

28

7

29

6

30

5


In this example the acquisition of the mask frames starts with frame 5 and ends with frame 15. The acquisition of the contrast frames starts with frame 20 and ends with frame 30 (Applicable Frame Range). The number 5 for TID Offset indicates a gap between "end of mask frames" and "begin of contrast frames" of 4 frames, e.g., injection phase and/or time needed to drive C-arm in reverse. Additionally, in this example, the first 4 frames and the last two frames are not used for this Reversed Time Interval Differencing loop.

C.7.6.10.1.2 Mask Sub-pixel Shift

A pair of floating point numbers specifying the fractional vertical [adjacent row spacing] and horizontal [adjacent column spacing] pixel shift applied to the mask before subtracting it from the contrast frame. The row offset results in a shift of the pixels along the column axis. The column offset results in a shift of the pixels along the row axis. A positive row offset is a shift toward the pixels of the lower row of the pixel plane. A positive column offset is a shift toward the pixels of the left hand side column of the pixel plane.