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US Multi-frame ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Single Bit SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Byte SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Word SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame True Color SC ImageCIOD
X-Ray Angiographic ImageCIOD
PatientMModule - Patient
Clinical Trial SubjectUModule - Patient
General StudyMModule - Study
Patient StudyUModule - Study
Clinical Trial StudyUModule - Study
General SeriesMModule - Series
Clinical Trial SeriesUModule - Series
SynchronizationUModule - Frame of Reference
General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
General ImageMModule - Image
General ReferenceUModule - Image
Image PixelMModule - Image
Contrast/BolusCModule - Image
CineCModule - Image
Multi-frameCModule - Image
Frame PointersUModule - Image
MaskCModule - Image
(0028,6100) Mask Subtraction Sequence1Sequence
(0028,6101) Mask Operation1Code String
(0028,9416) Subtraction Item ID1CUnsigned Short
(0028,6102) Applicable Frame Range1CUnsigned Short
(0028,6110) Mask Frame Numbers1CUnsigned Short
(0028,6112) Contrast Frame Averaging3Unsigned Short
(0028,6114) Mask Sub-pixel Shift3Single
(0028,6120) TID Offset2CSigned Short
(0028,6190) Mask Operation Explanation3Short Text
(0028,9454) Mask Selection Mode3Code String
(0028,1090) Recommended Viewing Mode2Code String
Display ShutterUModule - Image
DeviceUModule - Image
InterventionUModule - Image
SpecimenUModule - Image
X-Ray ImageMModule - Image
X-Ray AcquisitionMModule - Image
X-Ray CollimatorUModule - Image
X-Ray TableCModule - Image
XA PositionerMModule - Image
DX DetectorUModule - Image
Overlay PlaneUModule - Image
Multi-frame OverlayCModule - Image
Modality LUTCModule - Image
VOI LUTUModule - Image
SOP CommonMModule - Image
Common Instance ReferenceUModule - Image
Frame ExtractionCModule - Image
RT Structure SetCIOD
Digital X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Mammography X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Intra-Oral X-Ray ImageCIOD
RT Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Brachy Treatment RecordCIOD
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Basic Structured DisplayCIOD
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Ambulatory ECGCIOD
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Key Object Selection DocumentCIOD
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Procedure LogCIOD
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Raw DataCIOD
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Ophthalmic Photography 8 Bit ImageCIOD
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Stereometric RelationshipCIOD
Hanging ProtocolCIOD
Encapsulated PDFCIOD
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Enhanced X-Ray Angiographic ImageCIOD
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RT Ion Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
Ophthalmic Tomography ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Craniofacial ImageCIOD
Breast Tomosynthesis ImageCIOD
Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Surface SegmentationCIOD
Color PaletteCIOD
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Lensometry MeasurementsCIOD
Autorefraction MeasurementsCIOD
Keratometry MeasurementsCIOD
Subjective Refraction MeasurementsCIOD
Visual Acuity MeasurementsCIOD
Ophthalmic Axial MeasurementsCIOD
Intraocular Lens CalculationsCIOD
Generic Implant TemplateCIOD
Implant Assembly TemplateCIOD
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RT Beams Delivery InstructionCIOD
Ophthalmic Visual Field Static Perimetry MeasurementsCIOD
Intravascular OCT ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Thickness MapCIOD
Surface Scan MeshCIOD
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RT Brachy Application Setup Delivery InstructionCIOD
Planar MPR Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Content Assessment ResultsCIOD
Table CT Performed Procedure ProtocolCIOD
CT Defined Procedure ProtocolCIOD

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Data synced with official DICOM standard on 10 January 2017. The DICOM Standard is under continuous maintenance, and the current official version is available at http://dicom.nema.org/. DICOM Parts 3 and 6, © NEMA. Please note that the most recent PDF version of the standard is the official reference, and should checked when making technical decisions.

Applicable Frame Range Attribute

TypeConditionally Required (1C)
Value Multiplicity2-2n
Value RepresentationUnsigned Short (US)

Each pair of numbers in this multi-valued attribute specify a beginning and ending frame number inclusive of a range where this particular mask operation is valid. Discontinuous ranges are represented by multiple pairs of numbers. Frames in a Multi-frame Image are specified by sequentially increasing number values beginning with 1. If this Attribute is missing in this particular sequence item, then the mask operation is applicable throughout the entire Multi-frame Image, subject to certain limits as described in Section C.

Required if Mask Operation (0028,6101) equals REV_TID. May be present otherwise.

Section C.

C. Mask Operation

Mask Operation (0028,6101) specifies a type of mask operation to be performed.

Defined Terms:


(No Subtraction) No mask subtraction operation is specified;


(Average Subtraction) The frames specified by the Mask Frame Numbers (0028,6110) are averaged together, shifted by the amount specified in the Mask Sub-pixel Shift (0028,6114), then subtracted from the contrast frames in the range specified in the Applicable Frame Range (0028,6102). Contrast Frame Averaging (0028,6112) number of frames starting with the current frame are averaged together before the subtraction. If the Applicable Frame Range is not present in this Sequence item, the Applicable Frame Range is assumed to end at the last frame number of the image minus Contrast Frame Averaging (0028,6112) plus one;


(Time Interval Differencing) The mask for each frame within the Applicable Frame Range (0028,6102) is selected by subtracting TID Offset (0028,6120) from the respective frame number. If the Applicable Frame Range is not present in this Sequence item, the Applicable Frame Range is assumed to be a range where TID offset subtracted from any frame number with the range results in a valid frame number within the Multi-frame image.


A positive value for TID Offset (0028,6120) means that the mask frame numbers are lower than the subtracted frame numbers. A negative TID Offset means that the mask frame numbers are higher than the subtracted frame numbers.


(Reversed Time Interval Differencing) The number of the mask frame for each contrast frame within the Applicable Frame Range (0028,6102) is calculated by subtracting TID Offset (0028,6120) from the first frame within the Applicable Frame Range, TID Offset (0028,6120) +2 from the second frame within the Applicable Frame Range, TID Offset (0028,6120) +4 from the third frame and so on. The Applicable Frame Range (0028,6102) shall be present.

When multiple pairs of frame numbers are specified in the Applicable Frame Range attribute, the beginning frame numbers (i.e., the first frame number in each pair) shall be in increasing order.

Algorithm to calculate the Mask Frame Number:

MFN = (FCFN - TID Offset) - (CFN - FCFN)


MFN = Mask Frame Number

CFN = Contrast Frame Number

FCFN = First Contrast Frame Number, the first frame number of the first pair in the Applicable Frame Range


A positive value for TID Offset (0028,6120) means that the mask frame numbers are lower than the subtracted frame numbers. A negative TID Offset means that the mask frame numbers are higher than the subtracted frame numbers.


Example of TID Offset, see Figure C.7.6.10-1:

Figure C.7.6.10-1. Example of TID Offset

Number of Frames: 32

Applicable Frame Range: 20 to 30

TID Offset: 5

For Calculating the TID Offset for Mask Operation REV_TID see Table C.7.6.10-1.

Table C.7.6.10-1. Example Mask Frame Numbers for Mask Operation REV_TID

Contrast Frame Number (CFN) (Absolute value)

Mask Frame Number (MFN) (Absolute value)













In this example the acquisition of the mask frames starts with frame 5 and ends with frame 15. The acquisition of the contrast frames starts with frame 20 and ends with frame 30 (Applicable Frame Range). The number 5 for TID Offset indicates a gap between "end of mask frames" and "begin of contrast frames" of 4 frames, e.g., injection phase and/or time needed to drive C-arm in reverse. Additionally, in this example, the first 4 frames and the last two frames are not used for this Reversed Time Interval Differencing loop.