CR ImageCIOD
CT ImageCIOD
MR ImageCIOD
NM ImageCIOD
US ImageCIOD
US Multi-frame ImageCIOD
Secondary Capture ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Single Bit SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Byte SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Word SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame True Color SC ImageCIOD
X-Ray Angiographic ImageCIOD
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RT ImageCIOD
RT DoseCIOD
RT Structure SetCIOD
RT PlanCIOD
PET ImageCIOD
Digital X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Mammography X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Intra-Oral X-Ray ImageCIOD
RT Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Brachy Treatment RecordCIOD
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VL Endoscopic ImageCIOD
VL Microscopic ImageCIOD
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Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Video Microscopic ImageCIOD
Video Photographic ImageCIOD
VL Whole Slide Microscopy ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Photographic ImageCIOD
Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Pseudo-Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Blending Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Structured DisplayCIOD
XA/XRF Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Advanced Blending Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Voice Audio WaveformCIOD
12-Lead ECGCIOD
General ECGCIOD
Ambulatory ECGCIOD
Hemodynamic WaveformCIOD
Basic Cardiac Electrophysiology WaveformCIOD
Arterial Pulse WaveformCIOD
Respiratory WaveformCIOD
General Audio WaveformCIOD
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Key Object Selection DocumentCIOD
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Procedure LogCIOD
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Spectacle Prescription ReportCIOD
Colon CAD SRCIOD
Macular Grid Thickness and Volume ReportCIOD
Implantation Plan SR DocumentCIOD
Comprehensive 3D SRCIOD
Radiopharmaceutical Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Extensible SRCIOD
Acquisition Context SRCIOD
Simplified Adult Echo SRCIOD
Patient Radiation Dose Structured ReportCIOD
Planned Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Performed Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Rendition Selection DocumentCIOD
Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
MR SpectroscopyCIOD
Enhanced MR Color ImageCIOD
Raw DataCIOD
Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Deformable Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Spatial FiducialsCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 8 Bit ImageCIOD
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Stereometric RelationshipCIOD
Hanging ProtocolCIOD
Encapsulated PDFCIOD
Encapsulated CDACIOD
Real World Value MappingCIOD
Enhanced XA ImageCIOD
Enhanced XRF ImageCIOD
RT Ion PlanCIOD
RT Ion Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
SegmentationCIOD
Ophthalmic Tomography ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Craniofacial ImageCIOD
Breast Tomosynthesis ImageCIOD
Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Surface SegmentationCIOD
Color PaletteCIOD
Enhanced US VolumeCIOD
Lensometry MeasurementsCIOD
Autorefraction MeasurementsCIOD
Keratometry MeasurementsCIOD
Subjective Refraction MeasurementsCIOD
Visual Acuity MeasurementsCIOD
Ophthalmic Axial MeasurementsCIOD
Intraocular Lens CalculationsCIOD
Generic Implant TemplateCIOD
Implant Assembly TemplateCIOD
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RT Beams Delivery InstructionCIOD
Ophthalmic Visual Field Static Perimetry MeasurementsCIOD
Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Thickness MapCIOD
Surface Scan MeshCIOD
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Legacy Converted Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
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Corneal Topography MapCIOD
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PatientMModule - Patient
Clinical Trial SubjectUModule - Patient
General StudyMModule - Study
Patient StudyUModule - Study
Clinical Trial StudyUModule - Study
General SeriesMModule - Series
Clinical Trial SeriesUModule - Series
DX SeriesMModule - Series
Enhanced Mammography SeriesMModule - Series
Frame of ReferenceMModule - Frame of Reference
SynchronizationCModule - Frame of Reference
General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
Enhanced General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
Enhanced Mammography ImageMModule - Image
Breast ViewMModule - Image
Image PixelMModule - Image
Enhanced Contrast/BolusCModule - Image
DeviceUModule - Image
InterventionUModule - Image
Acquisition ContextMModule - Image
Multi-frame Functional GroupsMModule - Image
(0008,0023) Content Date1Date
(0008,0033) Content Time1Time
(0020,0013) Instance Number1Integer String
(0020,0242) SOP Instance UID of Concatenation Source1CUnique Identifier
(0020,9161) Concatenation UID1CUnique Identifier
(0020,9162) In-concatenation Number1CUnsigned Short
(0020,9163) In-concatenation Total Number3Unsigned Short
(0020,9228) Concatenation Frame Offset Number1CUnsigned Long
(0022,0028) Stereo Pairs Present3Code String
(0028,0008) Number of Frames1Integer String
(0028,6010) Representative Frame Number3Unsigned Short
(5200,9229) Shared Functional Groups Sequence1Sequence
(0008,1140) Referenced Image Sequence2Sequence
(0008,9124) Derivation Image Sequence2Sequence
(0018,1006) Grid ID3Long String
(0018,7040) Grid Absorbing Material3Long Text
(0018,7041) Grid Spacing Material3Long Text
(0018,7042) Grid Thickness3Decimal String
(0018,7044) Grid Pitch3Decimal String
(0018,7046) Grid Aspect Ratio3Integer String
(0018,7048) Grid Period3Decimal String
(0018,704C) Grid Focal Distance3Decimal String
(0018,9341) Contrast/Bolus Usage Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9405) Positioner Position Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9407) Collimator Shape Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9412) XA/XRF Frame Characteristics Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9417) Frame Acquisition Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9432) Field of View Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9451) Frame Detector Parameters Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9455) Calibration Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9462) Isocenter Reference System Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9472) Frame Display Shutter Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9476) X-Ray Geometry Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9477) Irradiation Event Identification Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9541) Detector Position Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9542) X-Ray Acquisition Dose Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9555) X-Ray Grid Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9556) X-Ray Filter Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9071) Frame Anatomy Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9111) Frame Content Sequence1Sequence
(0028,9132) Frame VOI LUT Sequence1Sequence
(0028,9145) Pixel Value Transformation Sequence1Sequence
(0028,9443) Frame Pixel Data Properties Sequence1Sequence
(0008,9007) Frame Type1Code String
(0018,1164) Imager Pixel Spacing1CDecimal String
(0018,7036) Pixel Data Area Origin Relative To FOV3Single
(0018,7038) Pixel Data Area Rotation Angle Relative To FOV3Single
(0028,1040) Pixel Intensity Relationship1Code String
(0028,1041) Pixel Intensity Relationship Sign1Signed Short
(0028,9444) Geometrical Properties1Code String
(0028,9445) Geometric Maximum Distortion2CSingle
(0028,9446) Image Processing Applied1Code String
(5200,9230) Per-frame Functional Groups Sequence1CSequence
Multi-frame DimensionUModule - Image
Patient OrientationMModule - Image
SpecimenUModule - Image
SOP CommonMModule - Image
Common Instance ReferenceUModule - Image
Frame ExtractionCModule - Image
Parametric MapCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography Stereographic Projection ImageCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography 3D Coordinates ImageCIOD
Tractography ResultsCIOD
RT Brachy Application Setup Delivery InstructionCIOD
Planar MPR Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Volume Rendering Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Content Assessment ResultsCIOD
CT Performed Procedure ProtocolCIOD
CT Defined Procedure ProtocolCIOD
Protocol ApprovalCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography En Face ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography B-scan Volume AnalysisCIOD
Encapsulated STLCIOD
Encapsulated OBJCIOD
Encapsulated MTLCIOD
RT Physician IntentCIOD
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RT Radiation SetCIOD
C-Arm Photon-Electron RadiationCIOD
Tomotherapeutic RadiationCIOD
Robotic-Arm RadiationCIOD
Basic DirectoryCIOD

Built with by Innolitics, a team of medical imaging software developers.

Data synced with official DICOM standard on 12 May 2020. The DICOM Standard is under continuous maintenance, and the current official version is available at http://www.dicomstandard.org/current/. DICOM Parts 3, 4, and 6, © NEMA. Please note that the most recent PDF version of the standard is the official reference, and should checked when making technical decisions.

Imager Pixel Spacing Attribute

Tag(0018,1164)
TypeConditionally Required (1C)
KeywordImagerPixelSpacing
Value Multiplicity2
Value RepresentationDecimal String (DS)

Physical distance measured at the receptor plane of the detector between the centers of each pixel specified by a numeric pair - row spacing value (delimiter) column spacing value in mm. See Section 10.7.1.3 for further explanation of the value order.

The value of this Attribute shall never be adjusted to account for calibration against an object of known size; Pixel Spacing (0028,0030) is specified for that purpose.

It is only allowed to be adjusted to compensate for the change of the Field of View Dimension(s) in Float (0018,9461) Attribute. See Section C.8.19.6.4.1.2

Required if Image Type (0008,0008) Value 1 equals ORIGINAL. May be present otherwise.

Note

These values are the actual pixel spacing distances of the stored pixel values of an image.

Note

Part of the X-Ray Frame Pixel Data Properties Functional Group Macro with usage: M

Section 10.7.1.3

10.7.1.3 Pixel Spacing Value Order and Valid Values

All pixel spacing related Attributes are encoded as the physical distance between the centers of each two-dimensional pixel, specified by two numeric values.

The first value is the row spacing in mm, that is the spacing between the centers of adjacent rows, or vertical spacing.

The second value is the column spacing in mm, that is the spacing between the centers of adjacent columns, or horizontal spacing.

To illustrate, consider the example shown in Figure 10.7.1.3-1.

Figure 10.7.1.3-1. Example of Pixel Spacing Value Order


Pixel Spacing = Row Spacing \ Column Spacing = 0.30\0.25.

All pixel spacing related Attributes shall have positive non-zero values, except when there is only a single row or column or pixel of data present, in which case the corresponding value may be zero.

Note

A single row or column or "pixel" may occur in MR Spectroscopy Instances.

This description applies to:

  • Pixel Spacing (0028,0030)

  • Imager Pixel Spacing (0018,1164)

  • Nominal Scanned Pixel Spacing (0018,2010)

  • Image Plane Pixel Spacing (3002,0011)

  • Compensator Pixel Spacing (300A,00E9)

  • Detector Element Spacing (0018,7022)

  • Presentation Pixel Spacing (0070,0101)

  • Printer Pixel Spacing (2010,0376)

  • Object Pixel Spacing in Center of Beam (0018,9404)

Section C.8.19.6.4.1.2

C.8.19.6.4.1.2 Imager Pixel Spacing

The two values of the Imager Pixel Spacing (0018,1164) Attribute are related to the value(s) of the Field of View Dimension(s) in Float (0018,9461) Attribute in the X-Ray Field of View Functional Group of this frame and the values of the Rows (0028,0010) and Columns (0028,0011) Attributes.

The value(s) of Field of View Dimension(s) in Float (0018,9461) may change on a frame by frame base. The values of the Rows and Columns Attributes are equal for all frames. The relationship between the Attributes depends on the Field of View Shape (0018,1147) Attribute:

If the Field of View Shape (0018,1147) Attribute equals RECTANGLE:

Imager Pixel Spacingrow spacing = FOV Dimensionrow dimension / Rows

Imager Pixel Spacingcolumn spacing = FOV Dimensioncolumn dimension / Columns

If the Field of View Shape (0018,1147) Attribute equals ROUND or HEXAGONAL:

Imager Pixel Spacingrow spacing = FOV Dimensiondiameter / Rows

Imager Pixel Spacingcolumn spacing = FOV Dimensiondiameter / Columns