CR ImageCIOD
CT ImageCIOD
MR ImageCIOD
NM ImageCIOD
US ImageCIOD
US Multi-frame ImageCIOD
Secondary Capture ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Single Bit SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Byte SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame Grayscale Word SC ImageCIOD
Multi-frame True Color SC ImageCIOD
X-Ray Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray Radiofluoroscopic ImageCIOD
RT ImageCIOD
RT DoseCIOD
RT Structure SetCIOD
RT PlanCIOD
PET ImageCIOD
Digital X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Mammography X-Ray ImageCIOD
Digital Intra-Oral X-Ray ImageCIOD
RT Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Brachy Treatment RecordCIOD
RT Treatment Summary RecordCIOD
VL Endoscopic ImageCIOD
VL Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Slide-Coordinates Microscopic ImageCIOD
VL Photographic ImageCIOD
Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Video Microscopic ImageCIOD
Video Photographic ImageCIOD
VL Whole Slide Microscopy ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Endoscopic ImageCIOD
Real-Time Video Photographic ImageCIOD
Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Pseudo-Color Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Blending Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Structured DisplayCIOD
XA/XRF Grayscale Softcopy Presentation StateCIOD
Advanced Blending Presentation StateCIOD
Basic Voice Audio WaveformCIOD
12-Lead ECGCIOD
General ECGCIOD
Ambulatory ECGCIOD
Hemodynamic WaveformCIOD
Basic Cardiac Electrophysiology WaveformCIOD
Arterial Pulse WaveformCIOD
Respiratory WaveformCIOD
General Audio WaveformCIOD
Real-Time Audio WaveformCIOD
Basic Text SRCIOD
Enhanced SRCIOD
Comprehensive SRCIOD
Key Object Selection DocumentCIOD
Mammography CAD SRCIOD
Chest CAD SRCIOD
Procedure LogCIOD
X-Ray Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Spectacle Prescription ReportCIOD
Colon CAD SRCIOD
Macular Grid Thickness and Volume ReportCIOD
Implantation Plan SR DocumentCIOD
Comprehensive 3D SRCIOD
Radiopharmaceutical Radiation Dose SRCIOD
Extensible SRCIOD
Acquisition Context SRCIOD
Simplified Adult Echo SRCIOD
Patient Radiation Dose Structured ReportCIOD
Planned Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Performed Imaging Agent Administration SRCIOD
Rendition Selection DocumentCIOD
Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
MR SpectroscopyCIOD
Enhanced MR Color ImageCIOD
Raw DataCIOD
Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Deformable Spatial RegistrationCIOD
Spatial FiducialsCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 8 Bit ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Photography 16 Bit ImageCIOD
Stereometric RelationshipCIOD
Hanging ProtocolCIOD
Encapsulated PDFCIOD
Encapsulated CDACIOD
Real World Value MappingCIOD
Enhanced XA ImageCIOD
Enhanced XRF ImageCIOD
RT Ion PlanCIOD
RT Ion Beams Treatment RecordCIOD
SegmentationCIOD
Ophthalmic Tomography ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Angiographic ImageCIOD
X-Ray 3D Craniofacial ImageCIOD
Breast Tomosynthesis ImageCIOD
Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Surface SegmentationCIOD
Color PaletteCIOD
Enhanced US VolumeCIOD
Lensometry MeasurementsCIOD
Autorefraction MeasurementsCIOD
Keratometry MeasurementsCIOD
Subjective Refraction MeasurementsCIOD
Visual Acuity MeasurementsCIOD
Ophthalmic Axial MeasurementsCIOD
Intraocular Lens CalculationsCIOD
Generic Implant TemplateCIOD
Implant Assembly TemplateCIOD
Implant Template GroupCIOD
RT Beams Delivery InstructionCIOD
Ophthalmic Visual Field Static Perimetry MeasurementsCIOD
Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Thickness MapCIOD
Surface Scan MeshCIOD
Surface Scan Point CloudCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced CT ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced MR ImageCIOD
Legacy Converted Enhanced PET ImageCIOD
Corneal Topography MapCIOD
Breast Projection X-Ray ImageCIOD
PatientMModule - Patient
Clinical Trial SubjectUModule - Patient
General StudyMModule - Study
Patient StudyUModule - Study
Clinical Trial StudyUModule - Study
General SeriesMModule - Series
Clinical Trial SeriesUModule - Series
DX SeriesMModule - Series
Enhanced Mammography SeriesMModule - Series
Frame of ReferenceMModule - Frame of Reference
SynchronizationCModule - Frame of Reference
General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
Enhanced General EquipmentMModule - Equipment
Enhanced Mammography ImageMModule - Image
Breast ViewMModule - Image
Image PixelMModule - Image
Enhanced Contrast/BolusCModule - Image
DeviceUModule - Image
InterventionUModule - Image
Acquisition ContextMModule - Image
Multi-frame Functional GroupsMModule - Image
(0008,0023) Content Date1Date
(0008,0033) Content Time1Time
(0020,0013) Instance Number1Integer String
(0020,0242) SOP Instance UID of Concatenation Source1CUnique Identifier
(0020,9161) Concatenation UID1CUnique Identifier
(0020,9162) In-concatenation Number1CUnsigned Short
(0020,9163) In-concatenation Total Number3Unsigned Short
(0020,9228) Concatenation Frame Offset Number1CUnsigned Long
(0022,0028) Stereo Pairs Present3Code String
(0028,0008) Number of Frames1Integer String
(0028,6010) Representative Frame Number3Unsigned Short
(5200,9229) Shared Functional Groups Sequence1Sequence
(0008,1140) Referenced Image Sequence2Sequence
(0008,9124) Derivation Image Sequence2Sequence
(0018,1006) Grid ID3Long String
(0018,7040) Grid Absorbing Material3Long Text
(0018,7041) Grid Spacing Material3Long Text
(0018,7042) Grid Thickness3Decimal String
(0018,7044) Grid Pitch3Decimal String
(0018,7046) Grid Aspect Ratio3Integer String
(0018,7048) Grid Period3Decimal String
(0018,704C) Grid Focal Distance3Decimal String
(0018,9341) Contrast/Bolus Usage Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9405) Positioner Position Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9407) Collimator Shape Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9412) XA/XRF Frame Characteristics Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9417) Frame Acquisition Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9432) Field of View Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9451) Frame Detector Parameters Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9455) Calibration Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9462) Isocenter Reference System Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9472) Frame Display Shutter Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9476) X-Ray Geometry Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9477) Irradiation Event Identification Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9541) Detector Position Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9542) X-Ray Acquisition Dose Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9555) X-Ray Grid Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9556) X-Ray Filter Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9071) Frame Anatomy Sequence1Sequence
(0020,9111) Frame Content Sequence1Sequence
(0018,9074) Frame Acquisition DateTime1CDate Time
(0018,9151) Frame Reference DateTime1CDate Time
(0018,9214) Respiratory Cycle Position3Code String
(0018,9220) Frame Acquisition Duration1CDouble
(0018,9236) Cardiac Cycle Position3Code String
(0020,9056) Stack ID1CShort String
(0020,9057) In-Stack Position Number1CUnsigned Long
(0020,9128) Temporal Position Index1CUnsigned Long
(0020,9156) Frame Acquisition Number3Unsigned Short
(0020,9157) Dimension Index Values1CUnsigned Long
(0020,9158) Frame Comments3Long Text
(0020,9453) Frame Label3Long String
(0028,9132) Frame VOI LUT Sequence1Sequence
(0028,9145) Pixel Value Transformation Sequence1Sequence
(0028,9443) Frame Pixel Data Properties Sequence1Sequence
(5200,9230) Per-frame Functional Groups Sequence1CSequence
Multi-frame DimensionUModule - Image
Patient OrientationMModule - Image
SpecimenUModule - Image
SOP CommonMModule - Image
Common Instance ReferenceUModule - Image
Frame ExtractionCModule - Image
Parametric MapCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography Stereographic Projection ImageCIOD
Wide Field Ophthalmic Photography 3D Coordinates ImageCIOD
Tractography ResultsCIOD
RT Brachy Application Setup Delivery InstructionCIOD
Planar MPR Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Volume Rendering Volumetric Presentation StateCIOD
Content Assessment ResultsCIOD
CT Performed Procedure ProtocolCIOD
CT Defined Procedure ProtocolCIOD
Protocol ApprovalCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography En Face ImageCIOD
Ophthalmic Optical Coherence Tomography B-scan Volume AnalysisCIOD
Encapsulated STLCIOD
Encapsulated OBJCIOD
Encapsulated MTLCIOD
RT Physician IntentCIOD
RT Segment AnnotationCIOD
RT Radiation SetCIOD
C-Arm Photon-Electron RadiationCIOD
Tomotherapeutic RadiationCIOD
Robotic-Arm RadiationCIOD
Basic DirectoryCIOD

Built with by Innolitics, a team of medical imaging software developers.

Data synced with official DICOM standard on 12 May 2020. The DICOM Standard is under continuous maintenance, and the current official version is available at http://www.dicomstandard.org/current/. DICOM Parts 3, 4, and 6, © NEMA. Please note that the most recent PDF version of the standard is the official reference, and should checked when making technical decisions.

Stack ID Attribute

Tag(0020,9056)
TypeConditionally Required (1C)
KeywordStackID
Value Multiplicity1
Value RepresentationShort String (SH)

Identification of a group of frames, with different positions and/or orientations that belong together, within a dimension organization.

See Section C.7.6.16.2.2.4 for further explanation.

Required if the value of SOP Class UID (0008,0016) equals "1.2.840.10008.5.1.4.1.1.130" or Functional MR Sequence (0018,9621) is present. May be present otherwise. See Section C.7.6.16.2.2.7 and Section C.7.6.16.2.2.8.

Note

Part of the Frame Content Functional Group Macro with usage: M

Section C.7.6.16.2.2.4

C.7.6.16.2.2.4 Concatenations and Stacks

Due to implementation specific reasons (such as maximum object size) the information of a multi-frame image may be split into more than one SOP Instance. These SOP Instances form together a Concatenation. This is a group of SOP Instances within a Series that is uniquely identified by Concatenation UID (0020,9161).

The Dimension Index Sequence (0020,9222) for each SOP Instance with the same Concatenation UID (0020,9161) shall contain exactly the same Attributes and values.

In a Concatenation the Dimension Index Sequence (0020,9222) Items of the Shared Functional Groups (5200,9229) shall be identical and have the same values for all individual SOP Instances. The Items of the Per-frame Functional Groups (5200,9230) shall be identical for all individual SOP Instances but the values may change per frame. For all other Attributes of all the Modules of the IOD, the same Attributes shall be present and the values shall be identical, with the exception of the following Attributes:

  • Number of Frames (0028,0008)

  • Concatenation Frame Offset Number (0020,9228)

  • In-concatenation Number (0020,9162)

  • SOP Instance UID (0008,0018)

  • Instance Creation Time (0008,0013)

Note

The intent of Concatenations is to split what might have been encoded in a single SOP Instance into smaller fragments for more convenient storage or transmission. All the multiple SOP Instances of a Concatenation should be able to be assembled into a valid single SOP Instance. Hence it is not permitted to change such Attributes as Photometric Interpretation (0028,0004), Rows (0028,0010), Columns (0028,0011), etc.

Stacks describe application-specific groups of frames that have a geometric relationship. Stacks have a Stack ID (0020,9056) that contains a descriptive name that identifies the stack. A Stack ID (0020,9056) may be re-used in another SOP Instance even outside a concatenation. The value of Stack ID (0020,9056) is unique within the scope of a particular Dimension Organization UID (0020,9164) if present, otherwise it is unique within the scope of a particular Concatenation UID (0020,9161). See Figure C.7.6.16-3 for an example.

Figure C.7.6.16-3. Identifying Attributes for Concatenation, SOP Instances, Frames and Stacks


Each frame in a stack has an In-Stack Position Number (0020,9057) that is the ordinal number (starting from 1) of the frame within the set of frames with the same Stack ID (0020,9056), see Figure C.7.6.16-4 for an example.

Figure C.7.6.16-4. Example of multiple stacks


In order to allow interoperable operations on stacks, 2 different frames with the same Stack ID (0020,9056) can only have the same In-Stack Position Number (0020,9057) if they have the same values for the following Attributes:

  1. Dimension Organization UID (0020,9164) to qualify the Stack ID

  2. Image Position (Patient) (0020,0032)

  3. Image Orientation (Patient) (0020,0037)

  4. Rows (0028,0010) * first value of Pixel Spacing (0028,0030) (= field of view in the row direction)

  5. Columns (0028,0011) * second value of Pixel Spacing (0028,0030) (= field of view in the column direction)

  6. Slice Thickness (0018,0050)

Section C.7.6.16.2.2.7

C.7.6.16.2.2.7 Stack ID usage in PET static, whole body and gated images

For static and whole body PET images, a single Stack ID (0020,9056) is used to group all of the transverse slices over the entire imaged volume together. That is, a single Stack ID (0020,9056) is used no matter how many acquisition bed positions are involved. In-Stack Position Number (0020,9057) is then used as the spatial dimension index. When rectangular sagittal, coronal or oblique images are created from these, a single Stack ID (0020,9056) is again used.

Similarly, in cardiac or respiratory gated images, the entire volume is again identified by a single Stack ID (0020,9056), and In-Stack Position Number (0020,9057) is the spatial dimension index. The time dimension is indicated by one of the timing Attributes, such as trigger delay time or respiratory phase.

Section C.7.6.16.2.2.8

C.7.6.16.2.2.8 Usage of Temporal Position Index, Stack ID and In-Stack Position Number in fMRI Volumes

For fMRI volumes the Temporal Position Index is used to distinguish between the multiple volumes acquired in time (phases of a volume) for the same Stack ID. Each frame in the volume has an In-Stack Position Number that is the ordinal number in space of each volume. See Figure C.7.6.16-4c for an example.

Figure C.7.6.16-4c. Example of Functional MRI volumes